lunes, 11 de abril de 2011

Aesop's fables

The Ant and the Chrysalis


  An Ant nimbly running about in the sunshine in search of food came across a Chrysalis that was very near its time of change. The Chrysalis moved its tail, and thus attracted the attention of the Ant, who then saw for the first time that it was alive. "Poor, pitiableanimal!" cried the Ant disdainfully. "What a sad fate is yours!
 While I can run hither and thither, at my pleasure, and, if I wish, ascend the tallest tree, you lie imprisoned here in your shell, with power only to move a joint or two of your scaly tail." The Chrysalis heard all this, but did not try to make any reply. A few days after, when the Ant passed that way again, nothing but the shell remained. Wondering what had become of its contents, he felt himself suddenly shaded and fanned by the gorgeous wings of a beautiful Butterfly.
"Behold in me," said the Butterfly, "your much-pitied friend! Boast now of your powers to run and climb as long as you can get me to listen." So saying, the Butterfly rose in the air, and, borne along and aloft on the summer breeze, was soon lost to the sight of the Ant forever.
            "Appearances are deceptive."
1.     What is a chrysalis?
2.     What is a moral?
3.     Why the ant despises the chrysalis?
4.     How can you apply to your life the teachings of the story?





Androcles


  A slave named Androcles once escaped from his master and fled to the forest.
  As he was wandering about there he came upon a Lion lying down moaning and groaning.  At first he turned to flee, but finding that the Lion did not pursue him, he turned back and went up to him. 
 As he came near, the Lion put out his paw, which was all swollen and bleeding, and Androcles found that a huge thorn had got into it, and was causing all the pain.  He pulled out the thorn and bound up the paw of the Lion, who was soon able to rise and lick the hand of Androcles like a dog.
  Then the Lion took Androcles to his cave, and every day used to bring him meat from which to live.  But shortly afterwards both Androcles and the Lion were captured, and the slave was sentenced to be thrown to the Lion, after the latter had been kept without food for several days.
The Emperor and all his Court came to see the spectacle, and Androcles was led out into the middle of the arena.  Soon the Lion was let loose from his den, and rushed bounding and roaring towards his victim.  But as soon as he came near to Androcles he recognised his friend, and fawned upon him, and licked his hands like a friendly dog. 
The Emperor, surprised at this, summoned Androcles to him, who told him the whole story.  Whereupon the slave was pardoned and freed, and the Lion let loose to his native forest.


            Gratitude is the sign of noble souls.

1.    Explains the moral of the fable
2.    What did Adrocles when he found the wounded lion?
3.    Why is the lion is grateful?



The Ass and His Driver


  An ass, being driven along a high road, suddenly started off and bolted to the brink of a deep precipice.  While he was in the act of throwing himself over, his owner seized him by the tail, endeavoring to pull him back.  When the Ass persisted in his effort, the man let him go and said, "Conquer, but conquer to your cost."


            A willful beast must go his own way

1.    Is it wise not to get help when you need it?
2.    ¿How it behaves the donkey, wisely, or not?
3.    Explains the moral

The Ant and the Grasshopper


  In a field one summer’s day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart’s content.  An Ant passed by, bearing along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest.
 “Why not come and chat with me,” said the Grasshopper,“instead of toiling and moiling in that way?”
 “I am helping to lay up food for the winter,” said the Ant,“and recommend you to do the same.”
 “Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper; we have got plenty of food at present.” 
But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil. 
When the winter came the Grasshopper had nofood and found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer.  Then the Grasshopper knew:

   It is best to prepare for the days of necessity.

1.    What is a grasshopper
2.    What makes the grasshopper ?
3.    What makes the ant?
4.    What happens when winter comes?
5.    If you were an ant, would it help ?
6.    Explain in your words the moral

Aesop


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